Informacion economica sobre Cuba

Energy Resources

Oil bonanza eludes Cuba after fresh tests

Published: May 25, 2012 at 4:37 PM

HAVANA, May 25 (UPI) — Cuba is reportedly sitting on vast underwater

oil and gas reserves, but none came up in the latest exploration, a

joint Chinese-Spanish undertaking.

The Repsol initiative brought Chinese drilling rig operators into the

play, but the outcome so far has been a dry well that has had to be


More explorations will follow, as both Repsol and Chinese interests aim

to expand their presence in Latin America and forge new partnerships in

Cuba's slowly liberalizing economy.

Repsol has also secured partnerships in the venture with Norsk Hydro

ASA, Oslo and ONGC Videsh Ltd., New Delhi, and Cuba's state company

Cubapetroleo S.A.

Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff earlier secured several key contracts

to gain a strategic position for the Brazilian energy sector and pledged

a multibillion dollar investment program.

Repsol is aiming to expand its role in Cuba in preparation of a more

relaxed business environment despite industry complaints the Cuban

reform program remains beholden to communist ideals and has yet to

encourage a significant number of international investors.

In contrast, the Chinese have joined veteran regional players Brazil and

Spain in aiming for a "long game" with the hope of entrenching their

interests before Cuba actually becomes a market economy.

Cuba is still under U.S. sanctions, the longest in history, but has

thriving trade with most of its Latin American neighbors.

Repsol said poor results in the well exploration did not mean the

project was abandoned. It was too early to determine the outcome and the

company would take the next steps after a thorough investigation of the

drilling outcome, Repsol sources said.

It was "not uncommon" to find four out of five offshore wells that were

drilled to produce discouraging results, the sources said.

Cuba imports about half of its 200,000 barrels per day consumption from

friendly countries, including Venezuela, but technical evaluation of the

offshore resources has established Cuba is ripe for large-scale

development of its underwater energy sector.

Cuban officials and analysts, quoted in the media, also said the

government lacked a fall-back position to guarantee continued supplies

if relations with Venezuela changed for the worse. Venezuelan President

Hugo Chavez, an admirer of the Castro brothers, has been receiving

cancer treatment in Cuba, a health issue that puts a question mark on

Venezuela's political direction.

The Chinese participation in Repsol's exploration program was instigated

by the need to circumvent the U.S. embargo on Cuba. The Scarabeo 9

Repsol oil rig has been drilling only about 50 miles from Key West, Fla.

Preliminary studies showed the waters may hold 5 billion to 20 billion

barrels of crude oil equivalent.

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