Cuba experiments with wholesale market for farmers
BY MARC FRANK
HAVANA Sun Jun 1, 2014 1:17pm EDT
(Reuters) – Cuba opened its first wholesale market for farmers in
decades on Sunday, an experiment limited to agricultural supplies in one
area and the latest market-oriented reform for the communist-run island.
While Cuba has allowed nearly 500,000 small business owners and their
employees to operate privately and hundreds of thousands of farmers to
grow their own crops, it has been slow to give them access to wholesale
Even though the farming sector has been the most liberalized, Cuba
continues to import more than 60 percent of its food, in part because
farmers still depend on state-run allocation and distribution of
subsidized supplies. Official output has not significantly increased
since the reforms began six years ago.
But as of Sunday, farmers on the Isle of Youth, home to 60,000 people
off the southwest coast of the main Caribbean island, can purchase
unsubsidized supplies on demand.
Since President Raul Castro took over from ailing brother Fidel in 2008,
fallow state lands have been leased, and farmers are freer to sell
directly to consumers.
The reforms have also gained the attention of business leaders in the
United States, even though U.S. companies are largely banned from
trading with Cuba.
A delegation from the U.S. Chamber of Commerce visited Cuba last week,
calling for an end to the U.S. trade embargo and urging the government
to deepen and accelerate the reforms.
Cuban economist Armando Nova has argued for years that farmers need to
be allowed to buy their own supplies and sell on an open market.
“Agriculture is cyclical. You need to close the cycle for reforms to
work and now that means the inputs,” Nova said.
Life-long farmer Ibrain Vibes, 43, who inherited his land in Artemisa
province just west of Havana, was skeptical.
“The reforms are one thing and all the regulations are another. It feels
like the earth keeps moving under our feet. Nothing works like they say
it will,” he said.
Vibes complained a government crackdown on black market fuel was forcing
him to buy it at the retail price of $4.50 per gallon. Otherwise he
would lose the acres of malanga, a tuber staple of the Cuban diet, he
had been cultivating for months.
Another Artemisa farmer, who asked to be identified only as Carlos,
looked down the pages of herbicides, pesticides, fertilizers and other
products now on sale on the Isle of Youth as he sat in his brand new
house, the largest by far in the neighborhood, a vintage Ford truck with
a rebuilt motor outside.
He said that thanks to reforms he was earning more money transporting
food for fellow farmers than from his farm, but was at home because he
could not find reasonably priced fuel.
“This list looks good, but let’s see what’s really available in three
months and what happens when the experiment goes nationwide,” he said.
“Besides, they didn’t include the most important agricultural input,
(Editing by Daniel Trotta and David Adams)
Source: Cuba experiments with wholesale market for farmers | Reuters –