Informacion economica sobre Cuba

Cuba’s Phone Company: Who Are the Real Owners?
June 5, 2014
Fernando Ravsberg*

HAVANA TIMES — At the dawn of the industrial age, some workers destroyed
machines in an attempt to halt the growing unemployment of the times.
They were moved by the mad hope that they could put a stop to
technological development and return to the past.

I remembered this story when I read a public announcement made by
ETECSA, Cuba’s only telephone company, complaining about the allegedly
“fraudulent” competition it is subjected to by new Internet
communications technologies and platforms, such as Skype.

There are of course enormous differences between the two situations: the
workers were looking after their children’s food, while the Cuban
company seeks to protect its monopolistic privileges, the same one that
allow it to set extremely high prices in exchange for deficient services.

Cuba is an island but its people aren’t so isolated so as to be ignorant
of the fact that international phone call rates are among the world’s
highest. We could even say they are the highest everywhere, if we set
them against the average wage in the country.

A 10-minute call to Europe costs a Cuban their entire monthly salary and
1 hour of Internet use is equivalent to what they earn in a week. With
these prices, it comes as no surprise that the phone company isn’t
exactly cherished in Cuba.

Cubans, however, are practical folk. Instead of wasting their time
registering official complaints, they have found an alternative they can
afford. Today, there are houses in many neighborhoods where people can
call abroad at reasonable rates.

My acquaintances asked me not to reveal any details, but the fact of the
matter is that it is done over the Internet and it is quite efficient. A
call to anywhere around the world costs US 20 cents, that is to say,
many times cheaper than what ETECSA offers.

Everyone in the neighborhood knows who runs these private phone locales
but no one reports them to the authorities because even members of the
Communist Party and the Chair of the local Committee for the Defense of
the Revolution (CDR) have relatives living far from home who they call
every so often.

In its communiqué, ETECSA claims it is a foreign conspiracy aimed at
undermining the company’s income, but the truth is that these private
service providers would not survive a day without the complicity of the
general population.

Perhaps they’ll proceed to clamp down on 3 or 4 of these private phone
locales, but they will inevitably resurface, just as the machines
destroyed by workers were replaced with ones that were even more modern.

Any war against development and the spread of technology is doomed to
failure. To seek and halt its advance with secret plans, repressive
measures and prohibitive prices is like trying to put out a fire by
spraying it with gasoline.

It shouldn’t be too hard to do things a different way. In other
countries, there are many telephone companies that have survived the
challenges posed by the Internet and they have done this by charging
infinitely lower prices. It is merely a question of efficiency.

If ETECSA is a “socialist State company”, it belongs to all Cubans and,
as such, citizens have a right to know its finances and where the
enormous profits it must secure through its extremely high service
prices go.

It would positive for the company to tell people how much money it
makes, what percentages are destined to financing the expansion of its
Internet and telephone services or trips abroad, and how much of a
“deficit” it has because of misappropriation and corruption.

Greater transparency could help improve the company’s image. It would
allow people to know what obstacles it faces and what development plans
it has, and to have a sense of where the money coming from customer
pockets is ending up.

The fact is that, till now, the company’s communiqués and the
declarations made by its managers are fairly cryptic: they do not
establish any schedules, do not specify the amounts invested or outline
the company’s plans or future objectives.

It is as though they do not realize they are merely employees and that,
when they approach citizens, they are addressing the true owners of the
company, those they must answer to in full, particularly as regards how
their money is being spent.

Source: Cuba’s Phone Company: Who Are the Real Owners? – Havana –

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