Informacion economica sobre Cuba

Americans’ Opinion of Cuba Highest in Nearly 20 Years
by Art Swift

Obama process to normalize relations likely reason for improvement
Equal percentages in U.S. favor ending travel ban, trade embargo
Americans have consistently favored having diplomatic relations
WASHINGTON, D.C. — As President Barack Obama and his administration
work to normalize diplomatic relations with Cuba and loosen travel
restrictions between the two countries for the first time in 53 years,
Americans now view Cuba more favorably than they have in nearly 20
years. Forty-six percent say they have a favorable opinion of Cuba, up
eight percentage points from last year, and a far cry from the 10%
favorability rating in 1996.

The percentage of Americans viewing Cuba favorably has been mostly in
the 20% to 30% range since 1996. This survey is the first time Gallup
has asked Americans for their opinion of Cuba since Obama announced in
December that he is working to re-establish diplomatic ties with the
communist country. That announcement is presumablythe chief reason for
the surge in positive feelings toward Cuba, with the president’s action
probably making it more acceptable to like Cuba.

Policy agreements or disagreements between the U.S. and a country often
can affect Americans’ favorability ratings of that country. Russia is
one example. A long-time Cold War foe, Americans’ favorability ratings
of Russia soared after the Soviet Union dissolved, but they have soured
since the conflict with neighboring Ukraine. France is another.
Americans viewed the long-time ally in a highly favorable light for many
years until France failed to support the U.S.-led Iraq war in 2003. A
decade after the debacle over “freedom fries,” though, Americans’
favorability toward France has returned to levels seen in the 1990s and
before the Iraq war.

Americans’ Interest in Re-Establishing Diplomatic Relations With Cuba Strong

While Americans have not always viewed Cuba favorably, they have
consistently wanted to re-establish diplomatic ties with the island,
severed in 1961 after the U.S. objected to the revolutionary regime led
by Fidel Castro.

The majority of Americans have favored re-establishing diplomatic ties
for more than 40 years, with one notable exception. After the U.S.
Congress passed the Helms-Burton Act in 1996, tightening the embargo on
Cuba, support for reinstating diplomatic relations dropped to 40%. It
rebounded, though, by 1999 when it peaked around 70%, and has remained
above the majority level ever since.

Americans Want to End Trade Embargo With Cuba

The trade embargo, which was concurrent with the U.S. breaking off ties
with Cuba, is another aspect of the relationship that Americans would
like to see changed. In Gallup’s most recent survey, 59% of Americans
said they favor the U.S. government ending its more than 50-year trade
embargo with Cuba.

This is the highest Gallup has measured since it began asking this
specific question in 1999. This support aligns with the other positive
views Americans have toward Cuba. Experts say it could be a long time
before the U.S. lifts its trade embargo against Cuba, but currently
there are bills in Congress with bipartisan support to make the end of
the embargo a reality.

Ending Travel Restrictions to Cuba Favored by 59% of Americans

While analysts have said ending the trade embargo may be a long process,
there appears to be more momentum in Congress to lift the travel ban to
the country. An equal percentage of Americans (59%) support ending of
travel ban as do ending the trade embargo.

Bottom Line

Americans are very positive toward Cuba right now and give the island
nation the highest favorable rating in 20 years, although still slightly
more view Cuba unfavorably than favorably. Americans support
re-establishing diplomatic ties with Cuba, ending the trade embargo and
ending travel restrictions to the island. Americans’ favorable ratings
of a country are often motivated by developments regarding that country,
and as there appears to be momentum in Congress to change at least some
policy initiatives to re-establish diplomatic ties with Cuba, U.S.
adults’ positive feelings toward the country could continue for some time.

Survey Methods

Favorable ratings of Cuba are based on telephone interviews conducted in
a Feb. 8-11, 2015, Gallup poll with a random sample of 837 adults, aged
18 and older, living in all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia.
For results based on the total sample of national adults, the margin of
sampling error is ±4 percentage points at the 95% confidence level.

Opinions on U.S. policy toward Cuba are based on telephone interviews
conducted Feb. 14-15, 2015, on the Gallup U.S. Daily survey, with a
random sample of 1,016 adults, aged 18 and older, living in all 50 U.S.
states and the District of Columbia. For results based on the total
sample of national adults, the margin of sampling error is ±4 percentage
points at the 95% confidence level. For results based on the
half-samples of 513 national adults in Form 1 and 503 national adults in
Form 2, the maximum margin of sampling error is ±5 percentage points.

All reported margins of sampling error include computed design effects
for weighting.

Each sample of national adults includes a minimum quota of 50% cellphone
respondents and 50% landline respondents, with additional minimum quotas
by time zone within region. Landline and cellular telephone numbers are
selected using random-digit-dial methods.

Source: Americans’ Opinion of Cuba Highest in Nearly 20 Years –
http://www.gallup.com/poll/181625/americans-opinion-cuba-highest-nearly-years.aspx?utm_source=tagrss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=syndication


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