Texas Farmers Skeptical About Trade Future With Cuba
May 17, 2015
By Laura Marina Boria
For Reporting Texas
Now that the decades-long freeze between the U.S. and Cuba appears to be
thawing, American companies including airlines, banks and credit card
firms are laying the groundwork to return to the Communist-led island
nation. Texas grain farmers are especially eager to sell their crops to
a country that once was a valued market.
Grain exports are big business in Texas. In 2012, the state sent abroad
$171 million and $119 million in shipments of grain products and rice,
respectively, according to the Texas Department of Agriculture, and the
industry would like to see those figures rise.
But not so fast. The obstacle — and it’s a big one — is the United
States’ 55-year-old embargo that bans most trade with Cuba and creates
complicated restrictions for what limited trade is allowed. Only
Congress can end the embargo, and any moves to do so face strong
opposition on Capitol Hill.
“As far as an immediate agriculture impact, I don’t expect a lot,” Texas
Farm Bureau spokesman Gene Hall said of President Obama’s moves to open
trade. “We’re going to have to see the embargo lifted … that has to be
done in Congress, and it’s not happening any time soon.”
“We’ve done everything we can,” said John Gaulding, who grows rice and
raises crawfish in Hamshire, southwest of Beaumont. “Anytime anybody
speaks, we try to speak up, saying that there’s a benefit in trading
with Cuba. Our frustration is that this embargo continues, and after 50
years, it hasn’t changed one thing.”
In a series of dramatic moves in recent months, the Obama administration
has used executive orders to ease travel restrictions and has taken
steps that will allow banks and credit card companies to do business in
But lifting the embargo is a different matter. U.S. Sens. Ted Cruz,
R-Texas, and Marco Rubio, R-Florida, both of Cuban heritage, are among
critics who say it’s not time to end the embargo put into effect during
the Kennedy administration in 1960 after Cuba nationalized U.S.-owned
businesses without paying for them.
Texas grain farmers can see opportunity in Cuba, including the prospect
of increased demand that the easing of travel restrictions on American
tourism might bring, in tandem with the possible resumption of
commercial flights by U.S. airlines.
“To take care of the increase in tourists, they would need more foods
available for the people coming in. They’ll have to import quite a bit
of the foods we grow in the U.S.,” Gaulding said. “Our prices may be a
little bit higher, but they’d be getting rice of greater quality than
what they’re getting from other countries.”
Because of the state’s proximity, market demand from Cuba would allow
Texas grain farmers to grow more products like rice, corn and soybeans.
“We’re just miles away from the island, and that gives us a logistics
advantage over other countries,” said Curt Mowery, a rice farmer in
Rosharon, south of Houston. Rice production in Cuba is on a small scale
due to in great part to the advanced deterioration of agricultural
But Texas isn’t the only foreign supplier in the game. U.S. rice was a
major export to Cuba from 2000 to 2006, but in mid-2008, Vietnam took
over the Cuban market with cheaper, lower quality rice, according to a
2011 report by the Texas A&M University AgriLife Extension Service.
American farmers have been able to sell some products to Cuba since
2000, when Congress relaxed the embargo slightly to allow sales of
limited medicine and agricultural products. But Cuba must pay cash in
advance for whatever it buys, with the payments routed through banks in
a third country, and the regulations are complex and costly.
Mowery said President Obama’s recommendation that Cuba be removed from
the list of state sponsors of terrorism is a positive step. If Congress
does not block the recommendation, it could be an important step toward
full diplomatic relations.
“It’s favorable, because that’s going to allow them better access to
international credit,” Mowery said.
Earlier this year, the U.S. Agricultural Coalition for Cuba, a group of
wheat producers from across the country, called on Congress to end the
trade embargo. The Texas Wheat Producers Board and Association is a
member of the group.
“The biggest thing we’re looking forward to is having our trade barriers
and financial restrictions lifted,” said Katie Heinrich, director of
communications and producer relations for Texas Wheat. “While we’re in
the process of easing travel restrictions and increasing access to
credit, we’re not going to fully realize if the embargo isn’t lifted.”
The U.S. Department of Commerce and Alimport, the Cuban food import
agency, must license and approve all U.S. exports to Cuba. Sea-borne
cargo leaving Houston goes first to Florida and is reloaded onto another
ship bound for Cuba. “It’s expensive, cumbersome and time-consuming,”
said Parr Rosson, an economist with the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension
Cynthia Thomas has been to Cuba dozens of times and recently led a group
of Texas wheat farmers on a trip there. She’s president of Tri-Dimension
Strategies, a Dallas firm that helps companies navigate the trade
restrictions, and founder of the nonprofit Texas-Cuba Trade Alliance.
Thomas said Cuba is a promising market for Texas wheat and cotton
whenever financing trade becomes less daunting. “U.S. banks are
apparently waiting for the elimination of Cuba from the State Department
list of terrorist nations,” she said.
The Reagan administration added Cuba to the list of state sponsors of
terrorism in 1982, on the argument that Cuba supported revolutionary
movements in Latin America and Africa.
Source: The Gilmer Mirror – Texas Farmers Skeptical About Trade Future
With Cuba –