Despite presidential visit, changes in Cuba will come slowly
Democracy, baseball diplomacy and business were all on agenda
Historic trip ended Tuesday
Obama took his message directly to Cuba people
BY MIMI WHITEFIELD
On the first official day of President Barack Obama’s visit to Cuba, a
wind swept in from the north and sent waves crashing over the city’s
Malecón seawall — perhaps symbolic of the changes the president would
like to see on the island.
But there were plenty of reminders that change may come slowly to this
nation of 11 million people, from the detentions of dissidents just
hours before Obama’s plane touched down to Cuban leader Raúl Castro’s
defiant words that Cuba had no political prisoners and if it did, he
would release them immediately.
The clouds had dissipated by Obama’s final day in Havana, when he
delivered his centerpiece speech Tuesday. It evoked the pain of exile
and isolation and included the moving words of Cuban patriot José Martí
as well as Cubanisms from ropa vieja to la pelota.
The speech, which was aimed at the Cuban people, resonated on both sides
of the Florida Straits and even won grudging approval from some exiles
who don’t generally favor Obama or his policies.
Even most of the dissidents who attended a roundtable at the U.S.
Embassy with Obama spoke highly of the speech.
“He managed all his messages without offending anyone,” said Miami
businessman Carlos Saladrigas, who was in the audience at the Gran
Teatro Alicia Alonso for the speech.
In trying to lay the vestiges of the Cold War to rest, Obama said, “For
all of the politics, people are people, and Cubans are Cubans.”
The president was clear about the continued differences between the two
countries, and his preference for democracy. But he also said Cubans
should be the protagonists of their own future and defended their right
to mobilize and protest to improve their lives.
While acknowledging the troubled and complicated history between Cuba
and the United States, he said that with the new U.S.-Cuba relationship,
excuses that Cuba’s problems are all the fault of the United States are
“Even if we lifted the embargo tomorrow, Cubans would not realize their
potential without continued change here in Cuba,” he said.
EVEN IF WE LIFTED THE EMBARGO TOMORROW, CUBANS WOULD NOT REALIZE THEIR
POTENTIAL WITHOUT CONTINUED CHANGE HERE IN CUBA.
President Barack Obama, in speech to the Cuban people
Addressing Castro, Obama said, “I want you to know, I believe my visit
here demonstrates you do not need to fear a threat from the United States.”
And then he added: “I am also confident that you need not fear the
different voices of the Cuban people — and their capacity to speak, and
assemble, and vote for their leaders.”
There were moments of awkwardness for sure as the two sides tried to
feel each other out. Hosting the first sitting U.S. president in nearly
90 years was a new experience for the Cubans and there were mixed
messages, from a lackluster welcome at the airport to Castro’s testiness
during an unprecedented news conference.
Even though the president wanted to reach out to the Cuban people, he
was largely whisked around town in a black Mercedes-Benz with dark
windows, unlike Pope Francis, who traveled the route from the airport in
his pope mobile last September, waving and smiling at the crowds, and
made many public appearances.
But his nationally televised speech played well, as did his appearance
at the Tampa Bay Rays baseball game against the Cuban national team. For
a nation used to reading tea leaves, Castro sitting with Obama and
chatting with his family at the ball game after such a frank and
challenging speech was significant.
And so was the fact that Castro and other high-ranking officials — all
smiling and seemingly in good spirits — accompanied the Obama family to
the tarmac and waved good bye.
Major League Baseball operated in its own parallel universe this week,
setting up a beachhead at the Melia Cohiba Hotel and bringing a parade
of baseball legends from Derek Jeter to Luis Tiant to town for the
People were excited about the game and the players, making MLB’s sports
diplomacy a success.
In his speech, Obama gave a nod to baseball as well, saying: “We share a
national pastime, la pelota, and later today our players will compete on
the same Havana field that Jackie Robinson played on before he made his
Major League debut.”
The president appeared most relaxed when chatting with Cuban
entrepreneurs, and Obama’s business agenda seemed to gained traction on
The White House said business deals were expected during the visit, and
in fact, they did begin to rain down in the days before and during the
Among the companies that made announcements about new business ties were
the online lodging service Airbnb, which has 4,000 Cuban listings and
can now offer its services to non-U.S. customers; Carnival Corp., which
got approval to sail its Fathom line from Miami to the Port of Havana;
Western Union and Starwood Hotels & Resorts.
The latter is perhaps most symbolic of the changes that are coming. By
the end of the year, the Hotel Quinta Avenida will be renovated and
carry the name of one of the American company’s brands: Four Points by
A partnership with Cuba’s Gran Caribe will also bring the renovation and
rebranding of the historic Hotel Inglaterra as part of Starwood’s Luxe
collection, and a third hotel management contract is in the works.
Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack, who was in Cuba with a host of other
Cabinet members, also announced that U.S. industry-funded research and
marketing programs would be working with Cuba on research and
agricultural productivity, nutrition, food security and sustainable
resource management exchanges.
The idea is to develop such a strong constituency among American
business for engagement that Obama’s policies become irreversible — even
after he leaves office.
All well and good, said the Cubans — but what about the embargo?
Obama answered in his speech.
“As president of the United States, I’ve called on our Congress to lift
the embargo. It is an outdated burden on the Cuban people. It’s a burden
on the Americans who want to work and do business or invest here in
Cuba,” he said.
For a few days, little Cuba was the center of the universe, with the
president of the free world delivering a nationally televised address,
corporate chieftains trying to cut deals and American baseball players,
some idolized by generations of Cubans, walking the streets of Havana.
Colombian peace negotiators also were in Havana trying to find common
ground to end that country’s decades-old guerrilla war. Even the FARC
negotiators were at the ball game.
But the week isn’t over yet, and the Rolling Stones, known throughout
their long careers for breaking through barriers, will give a free
concert Friday night as a gift to the Cuban people. It’s the first
concert in Cuba ever by a British rock group and the Stones have
promised to go all out.
Where this momentous third week in March will lead is anyone’s guess.
But Obama has an idea about who he wants to benefit.
“I want the Cuban people — especially the young people — to understand
why I believe that you should look to the future with hope… hope that is
rooted in the future that you can choose and that you can shape, and
that you can build for your country,” the president said.
That theme was echoed at Latinoamericano stadium before the ball game,
as Cuban toddlers escorted the players on to the field as they were
announced. Then the baseball players picked up the tykes — Cuba’s future
— and carried them off the field.
Perhaps Obama was thinking of them when he said: “Many suggested that I
come here and ask the people of Cuba to tear something down — but I’m
appealing to the young people of Cuba who will lift something up, build
Source: Despite presidential visit, changes in Cuba will come slowly |
Miami Herald –