Obama sees tide shifting in Cuba, but can it last?
Published: Saturday, March 26, 2016 10:37 p.m. CDT
By JOSH LEDERMAN – The Associated Press
WASHINGTON – For a few short days, President Barack Obama was America’s
man in Havana, his challenges to President Raul Castro stunning Cuban
citizens who mused openly in the streets about the possibility of
Obama’s public call for a more democratic Cuban future marked a
watershed moment in a country where questioning the government’s
authority is not tolerated. Decades of bitterness between leaders seemed
to fade as Obama and Castro laughed it up at a baseball game. U.S.
businesses were flocking in droves, touting new approval to bring
Americans and their dollars to Cuba.
As Obama’s aides jubilantly boarded Air Force One, Castro showed up on
the tarmac to see Obama off. The White House saw it as an affirmation
that the visit was a success, even by Castro’s admittedly different
Yet a key question remained unanswered after Obama departed the
communist island: How much of it will last?
“We shouldn’t kid ourselves that they’re going to all of a sudden
tolerate dissent,” said Michael Posner, Obama’s former assistant
secretary of state for human rights and democracy. “This is a very
ostracized regime. They’ve been in power a long time. They don’t really
have any instincts for reform. It’s going to be a struggle.”
The first clues could come next month during the Communist Party
Congress meeting in Havana, a forum for unveiling major changes. An
announcement of greater political freedoms or reform-minded economic
steps would suggest that Obama’s strategy was starting to bear fruit.
Under the glare of global attention, Castro did little to publicly
undermine Obama. After all, Obama enjoys immense popularity in Cuba.
Images of a young black president strolling through Old Havana seemed to
resonate with Cuba’s racially diverse people, forming a powerful
contrast with the aging Castro.
In the days ahead, however, that public spotlight will dim, giving
Castro an opening to return to business as usual should he so choose.
Although he’s taking modest steps to open up Cuba’s economy and relax
certain social restrictions, there still are no indications Castro plans
to make any of the changes to Cuba’s single-party system that Obama
“We will continue to speak out loudly on the things that we care about,”
Obama said near the end of his visit.
Central to Obama’s strategy is to raise the Cuban people’s expectations,
driving up pressure on Castro’s government to accelerate the pace of
change. Wary Cuban officials have picked up on the tactic, with some
regarding Obama’s entreaties as a post-Cold War attempt to coerce Cuba
with diplomacy instead of the threat of force.
Ahead of his trip, Obama’s aides said a key goal was to make his
rapprochement with Cuba irreversible. He left the island with plenty of
indications that tipping point could be in sight.
Soon, as many of 110 commercial flights between the U.S. and Cuba will
take off daily, bringing millions of Americans to the country and
further exposing Cubans to the outside world. With Americans hungry for
a taste of Havana, Obama is banking on the notion that it will be
incredibly unpopular for the next president to tell them to cancel their
Famed U.S. hotel chains Starwood and Marriott are poised to take over
hotels in Cuba after striking deals with Havana and getting permission
from Washington, and Google is making a major play on the island as
well. Brian Chesky, CEO of online lodging service Airbnb, told reporters
in Havana that Cuba is his company’s fastest-growing market.
“There comes a point where reversing it will seem like a very crazy
idea,” said former Commerce Secretary Carlos Gutierrez, a Republican who
left Cuba as an exile at age six. “I think we’re just about at that stage.”
Although Obama advanced his goal of normalizing U.S.-Cuba relations, it
wasn’t without political risk.
His visit was roundly derided by supporters of the U.S. trade embargo,
who accused Obama of rewarding a repressive government. It’s an issue
with resonance in the presidential race, where Republican candidate Ted
Cruz, whose father is Cuban, is livid about Obama’s policy while
front-runner Donald Trump vows to negotiate a better deal.
“Today is a sad day in American history,” Cruz said while Obama was in
Both Democratic candidates, Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders, support
Obama has also been unable to remove the key irritant for Cuban
officials and citizens alike: The U.S. embargo, which has squeezed
Cuba’s economy for generations. There are few signs Congress will accede
anytime soon to Obama’s calls for repealing the sanctions.
EDITOR’S NOTE — Josh Lederman has covered the White House for The
Associated Press since 2013.
Source: Obama sees tide shifting in Cuba, but can it last? | Northwest