Informacion economica sobre Cuba

food imports

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Comer visits Cuba, examines agriculture
Posted: Sunday, March 19, 2017 12:15 AM
By Jackson French Bowling Green Daily News

BOWLING GREEN — U.S. Rep. James Comer, R-Tompkinsville, recently
visited Cuba and hopes to restore agricultural trade with the island
nation… Continue reading

Cuban Economy in 2016: GDP Contracted 0.9% / 14ymedio

14ymedio, (With information from EFE), Havana, 27 December 2016 – The
Cuban economy closed the year with a 0.9% contraction in GDP, well below
the 1% growth forecast, according to an… Continue reading

Cuba Ventures on Why an Incoming Trump Administration Will be Good for
U.S.-Cuba Rapprochement
GlobeNewswire • November 10, 2016

VANCOUVER, British Colombia, Nov. 10, 2016 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Cuba
Ventures Corp. (CUV.V) (MPSFF) (the “Company”) – Donald J. Trump, the… Continue reading

Cuba Struggles to Feed Itself as Lack of Cash Slows Rise of Urban Farming
February 04, 2016 1:34 AM

HAVANA—
Sitting beside a decaying Soviet-built housing complex on the outskirts
of Havana, the Rotondo de Cojima farm grows several thousand… Continue reading

Floridians who want to do business in Cuba must first build relationships
BY DOREEN HEMLOCK
Sun Sentinel

To do U.S. business with Cuba, focus first on the island’s priorities
and culture, lawyers and entrepreneurs said last week at a Hollywood… Continue reading

Want to do business in Cuba? Focus on what island wants
Doreen Hemlock
Sun Sentinel

To do business with Cuba, first consider the island’s priorities and
culture, panelists say.

Privacy Policy
To do U.S. business with Cuba, focus first on… Continue reading

Cash-strapped Cuba pursues oil-drilling pacts
Mayabeque province known as epicenter of energy search
Author: Andrea Torres, Local10.com Reporter, atorres@local10.com
Published On: Oct 30 2015 09:35:01 AM EDT Updated On: Oct 30 2015
09:56:49 AM EDT
THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

MAYABEQUE, Cuba… Continue reading

An arugula-growing farmer feeds a culinary revolution in Cuba
By Nick Miroff August 21 at 7:46 PM

CAIMITO, Cuba — Like all homestead stories, Fernando Funes Monzote’s
starts with an epic battle against harsh elements and long odds.

Funes, a… Continue reading

US Helps Raul Castro To Maintain Stability In Cuba / 14ymedio, Pedro Campos
Posted on June 15, 2015

14ymedio, Pedro Campos, Havana, 10 June 2015 — Even when senior
officials of the Obama administration and the president himself have
said… Continue reading

U.S. agriculture delegation visits Cuba, protests embargo
BY MARC FRANK AND DANIEL TROTTA
HAVANA Mon Mar 2, 2015 6:14pm EST

(Reuters) – The most important U.S. agricultural delegation to visit
Cuba in more than a decade began three days of… Continue reading

Ohio farmers could benefit from Obama’s Cuba policy
Deirdre Shesgreen 5:41 p.m. EST January 14, 2015

WASHINGTON – Ohio farmers are poised to benefit from the Obama
administration’s decision to normalize trade relations with Cuba, with
the state’s corn, soybean… Continue reading

Building the new Cuban economy
BY MIMI WHITEFIELD MWHITEFIELD@MIAMIHERALD.COM
12/13/2014 7:00 AM 12/13/2014 12:00 PM

Just a couple years ago, tourists who wanted to sample one of Cuba’s
paladares were on their own. A bus from state tour operator Havantur… Continue reading

Cuba to receive potato seeds from Scotland
November 7th, 2014

An old agreement to supply GB seed potatoes to Castro’s Cuba has been
revisited after delegates recently signed off a deal during negotiations
in Scotland. At www.freshfruitportal.com we speak with… Continue reading

Raúl Castro Says Cuba Must Reform Its Economy Cautiously
Island’s President Wants Only Gradual Change, Despite Weak and Slowing
Growth
Associated Press
July 5, 2014 10:56 p.m. ET

Cuba’s President Raúl Castro speaking on Saturday, during this year’s
first of… Continue reading

Posted on Saturday, 07.05.14

Raul Castro: Economic changes must be gradual
BY PETER ORSI
ASSOCIATED PRESS

HAVANA — President Raul Castro reiterated Saturday that Cuba’s program
of reforms will remain cautious and gradual, despite recent
disappointing GDP numbers that show… Continue reading

Posted on Tuesday, 07.01.14

Google exec says Cuban internet is old and censored
BY JUAN O. TAMAYO
JTAMAYO@ELNUEVOHERALD.COM

Fresh from a visit to Havana, Google Executive Chairman Eric Schmidt has
described the Internet in Cuba as “trapped in the 1990s,”… Continue reading

Cuba Needs to Unleash Creative Energy
March 28, 2014
Vicente Morin Aguado

HAVANA TMES — Michael A. Lebowitz, Canadian economist and professor at
the Simon Frazer University in Vancouver, answered our questions
regarding: Socialism and the Party, the New State… Continue reading

October 3, 2013 6:00 pm

Cuba’s new port offers a small opening to the global economy
By Marc Frank in Havana

Mariel container terminal is part of a larger scheme that will take over
all the facilities at Havana’s ageing… Continue reading

Cuba's Free-Market Farm Experiment Yields a Meager Crop

Feeding the People in Cuba: Last year, President Raúl Castro legalized
small agricultural businesses as part of an effort to revive the economy.
By DAMIEN CAVE
Published: December 8, 2012

HAVANA — Cuba's liveliest experiment with capitalism unfolds every night
in a dirt lot on the edge of the capital, where Truman-era trucks
lugging fresh produce meet up with hundreds of buyers on creaking
bicycle carts clutching wads of cash.

"This place, it feeds all of Havana," said Misael Toledo, 37, who owns
three small food stores in the city. "Before, you could only buy or sell
in the markets of Fidel."

The agriculture exchange, which sprang up last year after the Cuban
government legalized a broader range of small businesses, is a vivid
sign of both how much the country has changed, and of all the political
and practical limitations that continue to hold it back.

President Raúl Castro has made agriculture priority No. 1 in his attempt
to remake the country. He used his first major presidential address in
2007 to zero in on farming, describing weeds conquering fallow fields
and the need to ensure that "anyone who wants can drink a glass of milk."

No other industry has seen as much liberalization, with a steady rollout
of incentives for farmers. And Mr. Castro has been explicit about his
reasoning: increasing efficiency and food production to replace imports
that cost Cuba hundreds of millions of dollars a year is a matter "of
national security."

Yet at this point, by most measures, the project has failed. Because of
waste, poor management, policy constraints, transportation limits, theft
and other problems, overall efficiency has dropped: many Cubans are
actually seeing less food at private markets. That is the case despite
an increase in the number of farmers and production gains for certain
items. A recent study from the University of Havana showed that market
prices jumped by nearly 20 percent in 2011 alone. And food imports
increased to an estimated $1.7 billion last year, up from $1.4 billion
in 2006.

"It's the first instance of Cuba's leader not being able to get done
what he said he would," said Jorge I. Domínguez, vice provost for
international affairs at Harvard, who left Cuba as a boy. "The published
statistical results are really very discouraging."

A major cause: poor transportation, as trucks are in short supply, and
the aging ones that exist often break down.

In 2009, hundreds of tons of tomatoes, part of a bumper crop that year,
rotted because of a lack of transportation by the government agency
charged with bringing food to processing centers.

"It's worse when it rains," said Javier González, 27, a farmer in
Artemisa Province who described often seeing crops wilt and rot because
they were not picked up.

Behind him were the 33 fertile, rent-free acres he had been granted as
part of a program Mr. Castro introduced in 2008 to encourage rural
residents to work the land. After clearing it himself and planting a
variety of crops, Mr. Gonzalez said, he was doing relatively well and
earned more last year than his father, who is a doctor, did.

But Cuba's inefficiencies gnawed at him. Smart, strong, and ambitious,
he had expansion plans in mind, even as in his hand he held a wrench. He
was repairing a tractor part meant to be grading land. It was broken. Again.

The 1980s Soviet model tractor he bought from another farmer was as
about good as it gets in Cuba. The Cuban government maintains a monopoly
on selling anything new, and there simply is not enough of anything —
fertilizer, or sometimes even machetes — to go around.

Government economists are aware of the problem. "If you give people land
and no resources, it doesn't matter what happens on the land," said
Joaquin Infante of the Havana-based Cuban National Association of
Economists.

But Mr. Castro has refused to allow what many farmers and experts see as
an obvious solution to the shortages of transportation and equipment:
Let people import supplies on their own. "It's about control," said
Philip Peters, a Cuba analyst with the Lexington Institute, a
Virginia-based research group.

Other analysts agree, noting that though the agricultural reforms have
gone farther than other changes — like those that allow for
self-employment — they remain constrained by politics.

"The government is not ready to let go," said Ted Henken, a Latin
American studies professor at Baruch College. "They are sending the
message that they want to let go, or are trying to let go, but what they
have is still a mechanism of control."

For many farmers, that explains why land leases last for 10 years with a
chance to renew, not indefinitely or the 99 years offered to foreign
developers. It is also why many farmers say they will not build homes on
the land they lease, despite a concession this year to allow doing so.

Mistrust is widespread. To get the growth Mr. Castro wants in
agriculture and the economy, people need to trust the government,
analysts say. But after half a century of strict control, many Cubans
doubt proclamations from officials, who insist that this time, despite
previous crackdowns, private enterprise will be supported.

Some farmers still wonder when the government is going to swoop in and
take what they have built.

"What concerns me is that in a place like this, after five or six years
the state might need the land to complete some kind of project," said
Reinaldo Berdecia, who is raising cows outside Havana.

Cubans also say they worry that the bureaucrats responsible for managing
the country's complex mix of state-run and private agriculture lack the
knowledge needed to make the system work. In the fall, there were piles
of bananas rotting all over Havana, for example. Farmers say the
government guaranteed a price that was too high, failing to recognize
that because bananas require less investment and their planting season
is short, farmers would overproduce.

At a recent visit to the market near the Havana airport, these
frustrations, hopes and fears were on view. From the backs of trucks as
old as retirees, sunburned farmers in black rubber boots tossed onions,
lettuce and other items to colleagues who weighed them for sale, as a
crush of buyers approached. Every truck that arrived was immediately
surrounded, mostly by young men shouting and elbowing for access.

It was a sign that demand still outpaces supply, and in the middle of
the rush to buy wholesale, not everyone seemed certain free markets were
the way to go. Wary government inspectors watched for sales occurring
before the official start time of 6 p.m. Jose Ramón Murgado, 40, a
member of the farmers union, said the government had introduced too much
chaos into the system.

"Capitalism means higher prices," he said. "That's the problem."

But high prices were also leading to adaptation and efficiency. Some
farmers from eastern Cuba said they held back loads of onions, a chief
ingredient in sofrito sauce, a basis of Cuban cuisine, until after
harvest season, because they could earn more per pound. Other farmers
watching nearby seemed ready to follow their lead.

For Mr. Castro and his government, the success or failure of the reforms
with agriculture and other parts of the economy may come down to these
innovators who inspire others to greater productivity — people like Mr.
Toledo, the owner of three small stores that he supplies with produce
from the market.

He spent a decade driving trucks in Florida and Spain, and with
confidence, a few extra pounds and some money saved, he returned a year
ago to take advantage of Cuba's new opportunities.

He has his own truck now, along with six employees scouring the market
for deals. Agriculture has given him a boost, as it has others who have
taken a chance on private farming. But the question many across Cuba are
asking is: How far will Mr. Castro's socialist government let them rise?

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/09/world/americas/changes-to-agriculture-highlight-cubas-problems.html?_r=0&pagewanted=all Continue reading
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